The socio-economic basis for the rational use of land in terms of the Western Caspian Authors: Cheshev Anatoly Stepanovich Array Bakinova Tatyana Ivanovna Array Nadezhda Anatolyevna Shevchenko Array Annotation Western Caspian and Black Land has long been considered the best region in the country for livestock farming. Therefore, the study of this area is of great importance for the development of innovative approaches to the revival of the steppes and the inclusion of the area in intensive fodder turnover. The development of sheep and beef cattle in the Republic of Kalmykia urgently requires the development and implementation of special measures for the protection of the Black Lands and Kizlyar pastures in order to improve their condition. This will not only improve the quality of their content, but also to stop the process of desertification of the territory, on the one hand, on the other hand, it will allow to local farmers significantly increase the number of cattle, which ultimately will improve the overall level of development of agricultural pro-duction of the Republic of Kalmykia. Some sug-gestions of improving the use of land and the Black Kizlyar pastures are offered by the authors of this work. Keywords land, Black land, pastures, transhumance, arid zone, the environment, economic fundamentals, use. Bibliography 1. Borlikov, G.M. Ekologo-ekonomicheskie problemi agrarnogo zemlepolzovaniya v Respublike Kalmikiya. [Ecological and economic problems of the agricultural land in the Republic of Kalmykia.] The south of Russia, 2015, no 2(35), pp. 146-156 (in Russian). 2. Bakinova, T.I. Pastbischnie resursi aridnikh territorii: otsenka sostoyaniya I ispolzovaniya. [Pasture resources in arid areas: assessment of the status and its usage.] Elista, Publishing house of Kalmyk State University, 2013, pp.146 (in Russian). 3. Bakinova, T.I. K voprosu ob opustinivanii na territorii Kalmikii I ego posledstviyakh. [On the issue of desertification in Kalmykia and its consequences.] The international agricultural journal., 2000, no 1, pp. 45-50 (in Russian). 4. Cheshev, A.S. Belie pyatna pustini. [White desert spots.] Kalmyk news, no 10, 1995 (in Russian). 5. Cheshev A.S [and oth.] Donskoe runo-intensifikatsiya proizvodstva. [Don Fleece - intensification of production.] Puspubl., 1998, pp.123 (in Russian). 6. Cheshev, A.S. Okhrana I ratsionalnoe ispolzovanie zemli. [Protection and rational use of land.] Rostov-on-Don, Ruspubl., 1988 (in Russain). 7. Rastitelnie resursi: monographiya. [Plant resources: monograph, V.2] Rostov-on-Don, Publ.house RSU, 1984, pp.328 (in Russian). 8. Okhrana I ispolzovanie prirodnikh resursov Kalmikii. [Protection and use of natural resources of Kalmykia by Ulumidzhiev Ts. B.] Elista: Kalmyk Book Publ., 1985, pp. 81 (in Russian). 9. Generalnaya schema ispolzovaniya Chernikh zemel I Kizlyarskikh pastbisch. [General scheme of using the black lands and pastures of Kizlyar, part 1.] Rostov-on-Don (in Russian).